ASICS is India's only independent benchmarking of cities using a systemic framework. It evaluates India's city-systems: the complex, mostly-invisible factors (such as laws, policies, institutions, processes and accountability mechanisms) that underpin urban governance and strongly influence the quality of life in India's cities. ASICS is a health diagnostic of our cities; the better a city scores, the better it stands to provide its citizens high quality of life in the medium to long term. ASICS aims to provide a common frame of reference for political and administrative leaders, business and academia, media and civil society, in different cities to converge on their agenda for transformative reforms. In its 4th edition, ASICS 2016 brings insights and data on City-Systems to the foreground.